NZ has the most southern growing palm tree

Found as far south as the Chatham Islands, the nīkau is New Zealand’s only endemic palm.

The nīkau grows up to 15 metres tall and fruits from February to November. The fruit is a favourite of the kākā (a native parrot), who also help pollinate the flowers with its brush tongue.

Māori ate the bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters. The old fibrous leaves were woven into baskets and floor mats.


A kākā using it's brush tongue to take nectar from nikau flowers at Tāwharanui Open Sanctuary.

Nīkau grows as far south as Pitt Island/Rangiauria in the Chatham Islands at 44° 18'S latitude.